Barcelona is a city and port in northeastern Spain on the Mediterranean sea, in the rivers besos and Llobregat.
The administrative center of Catalonia and of the province. After Madrid the second largest in the country.
A population of 1.8 million people (1968, according to the census; 1081,2 thousand people in 1940; 1280,2 thousand people in 1950; 1538,7 thousand people in 1960).
The area of the urban district of Barcelona, around 10 thousand hectares.
Barcelona – the Catalan capital, a city that is impossible to forget, having been here at least once. Various styles and epochs are mixed in diverse and unique architecture of this world famous city. In the centre is the famous, full of proud antiquity, Barrio Gotico – the Gothic quarter, the highest point of which is the Acropolis of Barcelona, here there is the Cathedral, which was built over six centuries. To the North-East Gate of the World, dissecting the old town, stretches the famous Boulevard La Rambla . which absorbed all charm, grandeur and immortality of Barcelona’s soul. Here in art school I studied Pablo Picasso, the Catalans Joan Miro, Bunuel and Antonio gaudí, a brilliant architect who never in his life had not fled their Barcelona, who put in her all his dreams and love, all my life, who made a truly unique city. … Park Guell, the Mila House, the Episcopal Palace, the cottage El Capriccio, La Pedrera, the House of Battle, banisters pavilions, all kinds of grates, railings, stained glass!… Finally the Sagrada Familia is one of the most unbelievable and fantastic structures of the XX century that has become unofficial symbol of today’s Barcelona.
You will never regret time spent in this city, often called “the pearl of Catalonia”!
Attractions In Barcelona:
Montserrat is a mountain range in Northern Spain, in the heart of Catalonia, near Barcelona.In the monastery there is the statue of the Black Madonna (La Moreneta), the main subject of pilgrimage. According to the legend, the statue was carved by St. Luke and brought to Spain by St. Peter. In G. 718, the statue was hidden in the mountains of Montserrat, to hide her from the wicked are the Saracens, and then was lost. In 890 g La Moreneta was miraculously discovered by shepherds in a cave where they led a mysterious glow and angels singing. On this spot a chapel was erected, and the cave was named Santa Cova. The Black Madonna was the pilgrimage many historical personalities, including St. Ignatius Loyola, who hung at her altar weapons and has embarked on a path of religious asceticism. In 1881 the statue was canonized by Pope Leo XIII, and proclaimed a Saint-the patron of Catalonia. It is believed that the Black Madonna helps women to find happiness of motherhood, among them many women and young couples.
Spanish village (Poble Espanyol) – the city of craftsmen and artisans, the Museum city, the city nightlife, shops, bars and restaurants, exhibitions and concerts. And it’s an architectural Museum under the open sky, where at full or slightly reduced the amount of collected copies of the most beautiful and famous buildings of Spanish architecture. By visiting Pueblo Espanol, you just a couple of hours without leaving Barcelona, you will visit almost all parts of Spain. This architectural complex was built in 1927, and its opening was timed to the opening of the world exhibition of 1929 in Barcelona. The authors Xavier Noghes, Mikel Utrillo and Ramon Raventós previously thoroughly acquainted with the heritage of the medieval, Renaissance and Baroque architecture of various parts of Spain. On the territory of the Pueblos there are also two exhibitions: industrial and traditional folk art, and graphic art. Although in itself this town is unquestionably a work of art. After a long journey across the country, pre-construction, one of the authors of the project said: ‘If after visiting Pueblo Espanol people will better know and love your country, we will assume that all our efforts paid off’.
The Gothic quarter. This medieval quarter, with the most outstanding urban monuments, also called “Cathedral” (Barry de La seu), it has a more funny name “rovell de l OU” (egg yolk).
The quarter, located between the Cathedral and the town Hall, and partially surrounded by the bastions of the Roman walls, is probably the most attractive part of the city. In the beginning of XX century it was called “Gothic” . although the Gothic buildings have survived in other parts of the city. However, this is where the architectural ensemble of buildings stood in perfect harmony and deserved the most attention in this quarter was conducted a number of serious restoration work. The quarter begins with the Plaza Nova, the oldest area of Barcelona, with which once it was possible to enter the territory of the Roman settlement “Barsine” and which in the XIII century was the most prosperous market town where they sold slaves as well. Here still two Roman towers that were part of the old city wall, which was the only protection of the city until the XIII century. To this period belongs the Bishop’s Palace (Palau Episcopal), which is located to the right of the Roman towers, thereby creating a striking contrast with the modern building of the College of Architects, the exterior frieze designed by Picasso.
The Temple Of The Holy Family. In the first place among the monuments of gaudí stands out the Cathedral of the Holy Family (La Sagrada Familia) in Barcelona, located near the center of the city. He started the construction of the temple in 1884 and left his creation unfinished at his death in 1926. Under the leadership of Gaudi were built crypt, the apse and the Nativity Façade. In 1952 construction began on the facade of the Passion of Christ so under the guidance of his companions: of Sugranyes domènech, Francesc Quintana and Isidro pooch. The most valuable in the creation of Gaudi is the Nativity Façade, which includes four towers with original silhouettes and rich ornamental decorations. The tower, which today graphic symbols of Barcelona, are hexidecimal structure with decorations of spiral stairs.
The Park Güell. The most popular work of Gaudi in this part of the city, the Park güell, located just a few steps from Gracia, on a hill in the suburb of Vallcarca (Vallcarca).
In 1900 Eusebi Guell bought this hill, to arrange there a private garden city in English style. Areas in the Park intended for sale for building mansions and all the infrastructure and common spaces güell commissioned gaudí. However, the project failed: for those who wanted to live in Barcelona, the Park was too far from the city center, and for those who wanted to live outside the city, is too close. As a result, the güell’s heirs sold the hill to city authorities, who opened the Park to the public.