The most mysterious attractions in the world
The most mysterious attractions in the world
Perhaps the most popular and at the same time the most mysterious sights of the world were, and remain, Stonehenge, the Nazca desert geoglyphs, and giants of Easter island. It is about them and discussed today.
Stonehenge is considered one of the most famous archaeological sites in the world. Located in the English County of Wiltshire, it annually attracts crowds of travelers from all over the world who want to see this mysterious construction.
Despite the fact that the study of Stonehenge, scientists are not one hundred years, precisely to define its purpose so far failed. And there are disputes about when exactly it was erected, and about what purpose this building.
Was put forward the theory that Stonehenge is an ancient cemetery, ancient Observatory and place of worship of the druids of England. All these theories have a right to life, but none of them has not yet been adopted as official.
Also still not been determined how the ancient inhabitants of England were able to deliver and install multi-ton stones that make up Stonehenge, because the nearest quarry is located almost 400 kilometers from megalithic structures. There have been numerous reconstruction using materials available to man at that time, there were even fantastic theory, according to which the stones were moved telepathic the efforts of the druids, or delivered by extraterrestrials. In this issue, scientists also cannot come to an agreement.
In any case, Stonehenge, seen by the eyes, leave an indelible mark on the soul of every traveler, making him smash his head on the issues that haunt archaeologists all over the world.
A terrible headache for archaeologists and are geoglyphs in the Nazca desert in southern Peru. The first records about them date back to the XVI century, when the Conquistador Pedro Cieza de Leon wrote: “In all those valleys and on those that had already passed, throughout is beautiful, great road of the Incas, and in some places the Sands are seen the signs, to guess the trail”.
However, to see the full picture was only in 1939, when the American archaeologist Paul Kosak flew over the plateau on the plane. From the height of bird’s flight he opened a finely crafted images of animals, birds, insects and plants the magnitude of each of which reaches several kilometers.
The fact that the drawings can be seen only from air, gave rise to a number of assumptions and hypotheses, sometimes, quite unusual. Someone claimed that in this way the creators of the lines communicated with their gods, others believed that the figures and lines of the runway and markings for alien ships, still others argued that the ancient people of Nazca skillfully build aircraft. In favor of a more advanced ancient civilization talk and dry facts. So, for example, drawings, Dating back to the early period, distinguished by their elegance and refinement, while the later represent a simple line and geometric patterns.
The Nazca lines are dug in the black stony soil of a furrow, exposing the lighter rock. Features climate allow one drawn on the ground line remain intact for thousands of years.
Despite the fact that the trip to Peru and flight over the Nazca lines are not cheap, many people will not spare any money to see this man-made wonder of the world.
Rapa Nui, better known as Easter island, at the time, gave scientists quite a few reasons to break down. For example, this is the only island of the Pacific ocean, which has its own system of writing – rongorongo. Despite the fact that he wrote the ancient inhabitants of Rapa Nui pictograms, that is pictures, still no one was able to decipher their written language.
However “business card” of Easter island remain huge stone statues – the moai, established in abundance on the island. According to local legend, the statue was at their Parking place from the quarries where they were made.
The moai are huge monolithic image of a human head, carved from compressed volcanic ash, a weight of 20 tons and a height of 6 meters. However, the huge statue, found on the island, was more than 20 meters in length and weighing 270 tons. All the moai, in addition to the seven, the face is set deep into the island.
According to legend, the moai lies in the magical power of the ancestors Mans, although it was suggested that the giant statues were used as symbols of clans and apparently had to distinguish between their territorial domain.
In 1956 the Norwegian Explorer Thor Heyerdahl together with local residents fully repeated cycles of fabrication, delivery and installation of MAOI, thereby proving that a small number of people are quite able to do so. Despite this, until now (as is the case with Stonehenge) many people have the supernatural version of the appearance of the moai statues.
Acutely Easter in our day lives on account of tourists. Therefore, the prices for accommodation and food here is quite large. This is not due to the greed of the locals, and the high prices of goods, most of which is imported to the island. The island is small, so the main attractions can be reached on foot or by bike, and fans of the exotic is also possible to rent a horse.
On Easter island there are only one airport and one dock, where tourists arrive. However, regular communication with other countries, not here, so stay schedule every tourist determines individually, depending on the schedules of planes and ships.