One of the most interesting prehistoric structures
One of the most interesting prehistoric structures – the so-called megaliths, colossal architectural monuments of huge stones.
Megaliths are varied: vertical slabs or pillars (menhirs); the construction of the plates – pair of stones set vertically, is covered as a third roof (dolmens), finally, the pillars placed around the sacrificial stones (cromlechs). Many of these stones weigh tons, the largest is 300 tons! Megalithic structures are composed of single rocks or small groups, and some of the many hundreds of stones. They are found all over the planet (except Australia) from France and England to Korea and Japan, and their origin is connected with many legends.
Megalithic structures are constantly attracting the attention of researchers. The ruins of one of them – stonhenge are 130 km southwest of London on the Salisbury plain, near the swamps and hills of Devonshire, described in the novel by Conan Doyle “the hound of the Baskervilles”. This large cromlech, the stones of which the height of almost 8 m and weighing 50 tons were brought from quarries at a distance of 230 km and consists of four large stone circles.
English scientists tried to unravel the methods of construction of this mysterious structure called the eighth wonder of the world. J. Hawkins and J. White has performed a detailed analysis and calculations for the transportation of and installing stones of Stonehenge and came to the conclusion that although it is very time-consuming job, but doable even with the help of ancient tools, which, by the way, Stonehenge is literally littered: silicon and wooden tools, pickaxes – shovels bullish, some bones, like a modern rake. Used rails, rolled by the endless belt rollers made of logs, loaded with multi-ton blocks of stone. Used, likely, and ropes of twisted leather strips.
In 1979, a group of Amateur archaeologists from G. Bogana in French Brittany to dispel the legend of the space aliens – the megalith builders, gathered a few hundred enthusiasts to build a dolmen of the XX century They were armed only with primitive ropes and netsunami logs, which were used as rails and rollers.