Funerary complex of Djoser
Funerary complex of Djoser
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Saqqara was the main necropolis of ancient Memphis, where, starting from the First of the Royal house, ancient Egyptian nobles built their tombs. Today, this area is known that here is the first stone pyramid, built for Pharaoh 3 Royal house, the throne whose name was Netjerikhet. The pyramid attributed to king Djoser from the time of the New Kingdom, but the monument was found only the name Netjerikhet .
Imhotep, vizier of Pharaoh Djoser and the legendary architect of the Step pyramid
Late period, 6-4 centuries BC. The British Museum
Imhotep, credited with the invention of building with hewn stone, as well as the development of the project and the construction of the complex of the Step pyramid of Djoser. It was revered as a God of wisdom during the Ptolemaic period, but the Greeks worshipped him as the God of medicine Asclepius.
Name Netjerikhet is directly related to its predecessor, Khasekhemwy as clay seals with his name were found in the tomb of Khasekhemwy in Abydos in 1996.
Directly North from the entrance colonnade on the Eastern side of a large open courtyard is a series of reconstructed buildings, which presumably are associated with the ETS festival — a celebration of the anniversary of the king. it is Assumed that the rectangular structure known as the Temple in shape of letter “T” was a model of the Palace of the king; it includes entrance colonnade, a vestibule and three inner courtyard leading to the camera’s square shape, decorated with a frieze of characters “jed”. This construction leads to the southern edge of the “Jubilee garden”, both sides of which are man-made structures, representing the Upper (on the East side) and Lower Egypt (on the West side). These facilities are exclusively symbolic. Originally on the East side housed the 12 chapels with vaulted curved roofs that had the form of the shrines of Lower Egypt. Each chapel has a niche designed to accommodate statues of the king. 13 West chapels created in the image of the shrines of Upper Egypt with three channeled semi-columns and doors blind doors at the entrances, and an arched vaulted roof. Two chapels on the South side had steps leading to the niche with the statue, while the other Western buildings had more simple facades and can serve as facilities for clothing or other premises associated with the holiday ETS.
Shrines shared the model of the fence, imitating a wooden fence. All the buildings are the early stone construction materials wood and reed mats; it is also considered that column to simulate wood should be painted in red-brown color. On the southern border of the Jubilee Courtyard there is a large elevated platform, on which were to be the thrones of Upper and Lower Egypt, symbolically crowned king during ceremonies.
Cheb-sedny the courtyard of the complex of Djoser