Gothic cathedrals: Cathedral of St. Vitus Cathedral and St. Stephen’s Cathedral in Vienna
I’m not an architect and don’t know many details, but in this article I will try to convey their impressions of Gothic architecture on the example of two cathedrals. It is with the Cathedral of St. Vitus and Stefan began my acquaintance with the Gothic. Gothic replaced the classical (Roman) architecture. At first she was treated with disdain and where did the word Gothic (with Italian language Gotica translated as unusual or barbaric). But gradually this trend in architecture was gaining popularity. The oldest Gothic Church is the Notre Dame Cathedral (Notre Dame de Paris).
The main difference from Gothic classics is the use of the frame, where the entire structure is kept for special support, which, firstly, has ceased to be a part of the wall of the building, and secondly, are lighter than the massive columns of the Romanesque style. This design allowed us to increase the size of the building, especially in height. To Gothic the tallest building in the world remained for millennia the Egyptian pyramids, then the pyramids but lost the palm, losing her European churches. Actually, Gothic became associated with the gloomy grandeur. If you compare the Gothic Church with the Orthodox, he would look more sinister and gloomy than bright and vibrant temple with our domes.
But to achieve greatness is a complicated matter. Gothic the temples became protracted. Builders quickly erected the altar of the Church where you can worship, and then made a temporary roof and the facade, which slowly molded conceived greatness. The Church of St. Vitus was in construction for about 600 years. It was started in 1344 and finished in 1929 The St. Stephen’s Cathedral, built faster, for 150 years.
Gothic became widespread in Catholic Europe: France, England, Germany, Spain, Italy, Czech Republic. In other countries the Gothic style penetrated, but mixed with the local traditions. The development of Gothic architecture is the development and construction business. For building needed a lot of stone, wood and iron. And in less developed countries the simultaneous fulfillment of all conditions has not worked.
St. Vitus Cathedral is located in the courtyard of the presidential Palace in Hradcany. The entrance to the temple is shareware. You can see the decoration of the temple, but in some internal construction entrance by ticket only. Photosgraviroval in the Church as much as anything, if only not to disturb anyone. Prohibited only the use of flares. It worked for us.
The people in the temple were crowded with a lot. Even as we entered inside, we had to stand in a small queue. On photosgraphy you can see the frame system of Gothic architecture. This type of arch is called hexagonal interlocking ribs. Namely, these structures and holds the entire temple.
View of the altar. This part of the temple was built in the first place. Simple tourists the entrance there is closed, because this part of the Cathedral meant for worship. Every Sunday it plays organ music and conducted the service. We because of laziness not come here, just get tired by Sunday.