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What can mounds

What can mounds

The famous pyramids of the ancient Egyptians or, say, the Mayans and the Aztecs. But to see mysterious structures from thousands of years ago, not necessarily to go to distant lands. Archaeological monuments of pyramidal shape are there near in our area.

The oldest of embankments has been three thousand years

The famous pyramids of the ancient Egyptians or, say, the Mayans and the Aztecs. But to see mysterious structures from thousands of years ago, not necessarily to go to distant lands. Archaeological monuments of pyramidal shape are there near in our area.

Epicheskaya old

The village of Episheva Roslavl district – godforsaken corner. Only two broken streets and dilapidated buildings dozens. Central road leads to an abandoned Church of the EIGHTEENTH century.

Discover the pyramids of ancient tribes who once inhabited this place, no big deal. “There they are, the hills, on the edge, waved a hospitable grandmother. – These mounds here for a long time. They say that one of them is an underground passage from the Church.”

To our surprise there was no limit. Bare field, covered with mounds and hills stretched to the horizon. In the valley flows a small river Black Peta (people Pet). Left and right side on its banks there are two ancient and mysterious structures. One – trapezoidal shape. The top of the mound is uneven and resembles an artificial hill. The dimensions of the monument: ground – 40 meters, length – 60 meters, the height of the mound at the top is 20 meters.

More interesting is the second archaeological site on the other side of the river. This mound is much greater. The mound resembles a stepped pyramid, such as were the Aztecs and the Incas. Steep side faces are accurately aligned. The work of man or the fantasy of nature? The angle of inclination of the side faces relative to the soles approximately equal to 45 degrees. So to climb the hill was no easy task. When you stand on the summit of the building, the whole valley is visible. Anyone can see that this place is ideal for fortifications or for settlement. But there are some logical inconsistencies that are contrary to etiratsetam.

The pyramids are clearly not enough places to stay. It is known that archaeological excavations were not conducted here. Why, it is asked, our ancestors undertook a Herculean job to baskets to pour out such a Grand object, which was not going to live?

Dungeons and treasures

“These hills are very, very old, – tells us Nina, a veteran of Episheva. – Before the war in the middle mound rural farm develop virgin land. But the farmers did not work: the harvest has always been bad. In the postwar years, this donkey hill, as if part of it fell to the ground. I think it happened because of the collapse of the underground passage that goes from the Church. In 59, the year the priest died and the Church there was no one to contain. So it is in ruins to this day stood for. Legend has it that in this Church the treasure is buried. A lot of people came from the district center and Smolensk: the treasure sought, – Granny laughs, – but they found nothing”.

Historians believe that the underground passage under the Church nothing more than a myth. The builders had no reason to engage in such difficult work. Previously on the river Black Pet had a mill, and the hills near the lowland was flooded. Groundwater could just flood the tunnel, if someone decided to dig.

1000 years BC

More than fifty years ago in this region came a group of archaeologists led by the famous Smolensk historian, Professor Eugene Schmidt. Scientists conducted archaeological exploration. Here is a quote from the report of the expedition: “During the excavation Epicheskih of the settlement, in addition to animal bones and chipped stones, at a depth of 150 cm was found the remains of stucco subprofessional ceramics, genetically not related to pottery pottery ancient times”.

Now these findings are in the archives of the Smolensk Museum-reserve.

After a trip to Episheva we met with Professor Schmidt and talked about the mysterious structures.

“Once this area was inhabited by pre-Slavic Dnieper-dvinskie tribes, says the scientist. – Speed hill refers to the ancient times: 11-12 century. And smooth, closer to the village, is a more ancient construction: about 1000 years BC. This time of the early iron age”. To protect themselves from invaders, the tribes built the mounds and surrounded them with a wall. Moreover, a fence was constructed around the hill, and spiral.

“The mound is composed of “steps,” continues Professor Schmidt, looking for photosgraphy. And stairs are not located around the city, and round his spiral. On these hills were built togas – wood fences. Spiral fence enabled the warriors of the settlement to attack the enemy, wedged between the walls of the wooden fortress. Of course, if the attackers broke through the first, outer gate”.

Unnecessary archaeology?

The pyramidal stepped structure on the other side of the river, according to Professor Schmidt, wearing occult character. “On top of a mound, possibly located built of stones of the sanctuary of Perun, Stribog or other Slavic gods. In this place the cultural layer more than one meter deep. That’s a lot. If we take a slice of soil, say, the time of Troubles, it will be no more than 20 cm In such deep strata of the earth is not saved even ceramics. The only exception may be the bone in the ash from the fire. Ash has a special feature that saves organic residues”.

Unfortunately, serious archaeological excavations on the mounds Epicheskih was conducted. For some reason scientists are attracted by the ancient buildings. And if they are fans of the business, then the study is simply nobody to Fund it. So, earth mounds, which store thousands of years its secrets and mysteries, still waiting in the Schliemann.

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