About five thousand years ago among the boundless Sands of the African deserts to the Egyptian IV dynasty Pharaoh khafra (the Greeks called him Chephren) built for himself the pyramid-tomb. And to watch her was placed the stone lion with a human head – the Great Sphinx.
His eyes looking into eternity, and smile dozens of centuries plagued mankind with its mystery. There are stories (and not only in Egypt) that the resolution of its mystery is connected with the end of the world: “When will be solved the last riddle of the Sphinx, he courses & online play, and the world will cease to exist”.
The famous American clairvoyant E. Case argued that some of the inhabitants of the legendary Atlantis settled in Egypt, where it is stored the history of the disappeared in the waters of the Atlantic countries. Atlanta brought with him copies of all state documents and hid them in a special “Hall of Annals” that someday people will find and will find in it musical instruments, banners, decoration of temples, tables, printing, medicines, linen cloth and gold. Then there will be obtained the answers to many mysteries of Ancient Egypt and we can better understand the meaning of the mysterious figures of chelovechestva.
The head of this most famous sculpture of antiquity stands 23.5 meters from the rocky base, and body length is 57 meters. The Sphinx buried in sand, hidden between the paws a temple of the Sun.
Authentic view of the Sphinx knew only contemporaries since about 1200 years after the construction of this giant sculpture remained buried under thick layer of sand. Only Pharaoh of the XVIII dynasty, Thutmose IV ordered to clear, restore and even paint the Sphinx, turning it into a symbol of power and strength of the Egyptian Kingdom.
This past the years have not been kind is the greatest creation of human hands. Dispassionately it rises over the sun-scorched plateau of Giza on the outskirts of modern Cairo. Chelovekami lost to date my beard and nose, his left eye began to mow, and generally left half of the face most affected by the weather and sand storms.
In the increasing destructive processes significant contribution of rise of groundwater and air pollution. A genuine “Mayday” in this regard was made in the early 80-ies of XX century, when giant statues fell off a piece of his paws. Then from the right shoulder of the Sphinx fell off two pieces of stone weighing 300 kilos, and the neck became so weak that the huge head of the statue can too here-here will fall off. And this is a tragedy not only for Egypt.
From ancient times it is believed that the facial features of the Sphinx are the similarities with the Pharaoh Khafra, who ruled, according to rough estimates, in the years 2700-2600 BC. But here arises several questions: why the need Khafra the Sphinx with its temple; whether chelovekami was created with the Pharaoh; and, finally, who or what it was dedicated.
It is known that in Pharaonic times, it was traditional during the life to build the pyramid for his future burial, the adjacent funerary temple, as well as “temple valley” somewhere lower – to perform various cleansing rituals. But khafra, if we assume that the Sphinx temple was built by his order, added to these required buildings and those two elements that were completely new and never before anybody did not recur. What was the point of this addition? And whether or not the building was erected at Khafra?
The temple between the paws of the Sphinx found in 20 – 30-ies of XX century. Scientists came to the conclusion that this ancient in Egypt the temple was built not in order to “protect” the Giza necropolis. It symbolized the Sun God! That is, display a transition from the worship of the chief Egyptian God Mountain and the cult of the Supreme God of the Sun. And this transition took place in the reign of Harry.
But against the common opinion that the Sphinx was created at the behest and likeness of Harry, made in early 80-ies of the historian A. Snisarenko. His arguments were as follows:
The ancient Egyptians recorded the events associated with the commercial, construction and diplomatic activity, however, neither economic document relating to the construction of the Sphinx, we are not aware of.
The Egyptians adorned the walls of the temples memorial inscriptions, telling of the deeds of the deceased. But neither the Sphinx nor in the temple mentions about Khafra no. In Egypt at various times visited many Greek and Roman historians and geographers, but none of them mentions the Sphinx. The question is: what is the centuries-long conspiracy of silence?
In the III century BC, compiled a list of “seven wonders of the world”. The list usually included the pyramids of Egypt, yet, strangely, the Sphinx – never. And finally: research techniques of stone working in Ancient Egypt has shown that during the reign of Harry the processing of rocks was not known yet, its prosperity it reached during the XVIII dynasty. This is the time of transformation of huge blocks of limestone in the great statue of the Sphinx was very real.
Given the above, A. Snisarenko took the creation of the Great Sphinx to the time of the XVIIIth dynasty. It would seem that the answers to questions found: old papyri were not informed about the Sphinx because it appeared only in the XV century BC, after the reign of Pharaoh Harry; the Great Sphinx is a “trial run” of the architects and sculptors of the XVIII dynasty, the search for the possibility of processing huge rock; and, finally, a huge sculpture often peppered Sands, so its not noticed any one traveler to Pliny.
Therefore we can assume that all points over “i” set? Alas, this is not so. “Confusion” made the American Egyptologist M. Lanier, who in 1979 began what has never been done before. He has conducted studies of the Sphinx from the point of view of Geology, archeology and architecture. As a result of years of research unexpected results.
There was, for example, that the Egyptian builders during the time Harry had amazing knowledge in the field. Geology. They are perfectly used especially of strata of hard limestone and soft marl clay, alternating layers, very clearly seen on the statue of the Sphinx, resembling the structure of the sandwich.
Deciding to set the appearance of the Sphinx, M. Lehner built a mathematical model of this object. To do this, he brought in the computer’s memory configuration details of the sculpture, archival data on the results of the excavations, descriptions of the extant statues of Harry, etc. in short, the statue was “carved” re in the computer’s memory. The resulting model found a portrait likeness of a Sphinx with the face of a sculpture of the seated Khafra. Moreover, it is possible to recreate the missing beard of the Sphinx lost the nose and head lying on the forehead of the Sphinx Cobra. In this regard, M. Lanier said that his computer model proved the authenticity of the ancient beliefs: “the Face of Harry perfectly “sits” on the head of a Sphinx. ”
So, we can assume that some of the mysteries of the Great Sphinx has unraveled. But all of it? Remember: “when the Sphinx will courses & online play, the world will cease to exist”? While he continues just to smile.