The ARCHITECTURE, the art and science of building.
The earliest architectural structures provide only partial protection. The Bedouin tent or the Indian wigwam served as shelter from sun, wind and rain, but almost failed to keep out the cold; in a needle Eskimos also found refuge from wild animals.
But man seeks to embody in the forms of architecture and his pursuit of the beautiful, their ideas and hopes. Every piece of architecture is design but not all design becomes a work of architecture.
The architecture has three fundamental characteristics. First, the building should meet its intended purpose. If you understand the functionality of the building according to its purpose, then, in the words theorist of functionalism of Louis Sullivan, the best buildings of all time were functional. Secondly, in addition to utilitarian purposes, the architecture expresses the spiritual needs of a person, consisting in the creation and contemplation of beautiful, harmonious images. The third criterion for evaluating architectural structures such as its reliability.
Designs of buildings are determined primarily by the tastes of the people and the spirit of the time.
Architecture requires visual unity, artistic integrity, whatever functions may have the construction. The various elements should fit each other, and each element a. Continue reading
In the Church of Sophia, standing without singing, this silent temple current travellers see or hear a Symphony, and not even the Symphony and the Oratorio, says p. P. Gnedich,” which has affected all the power, all the power of Architecture. What must have felt ambassadors are seekers of beauty – Vladimir, beholding the Church with a mosaic like painting ethereal, animate the service, elaborated over five centuries, i.e. in Sophia the wisdom of God, seeing and hearing the connection of all the arts, feeling and understanding of dogmatic wisdom is not dry in abstract words but expressed in all artistic ways, means. This aesthetic theology.
Arch, over which was powerless polutoratysyachnogo earthquake – “he is drawn to his boundless height and at the same time, it is felt that this roof is close to what he was, over you. It is not the desire in the infinite sky, the sky in otherworldly Gothic towers, – no, here the sky seems to be in the temple and the temple itself. already the run-up to the heavenly Palace.” In the gloom of the Gothic churches – too much of gloom and mystery. all reminiscent of the Dies irae, i.e. the resurrection of wrath and darkly sinister motives De profundism set up on the expectation of punishment and the torment or torturing contemplation. “Orthodoxy requires primarily light (knowledge), clarity, certainty, requires Continue reading
One of the most interesting prehistoric structures – the so-called megaliths, colossal architectural monuments of huge stones.
Megaliths are varied: vertical slabs or pillars (menhirs); the construction of the plates – pair of stones set vertically, is covered as a third roof (dolmens), finally, the pillars placed around the sacrificial stones (cromlechs). Many of these stones weigh tons, the largest is 300 tons! Megalithic structures are composed of single rocks or small groups, and some of the many hundreds of stones. They are found all over the planet (except Australia) from France and England to Korea and Japan, and their origin is connected with many legends.
Megalithic structures are constantly attracting the attention of researchers. The ruins of one of them – stonhenge are 130 km southwest of London on the Salisbury plain, near the swamps and hills of Devonshire, described in the novel by Conan Doyle “the hound of the Baskervilles”. This large cromlech, the stones of which the height of almost 8 m and weighing 50 tons were brought from quarries at a distance of 230 km and consists of four large stone circles.
English scientists tried to unravel the methods of construction of this mysterious structure called the eighth wonder of the world. J. Hawkins and J. White has performed a detailed analysis and calculations for the transportation of Continue reading