The types of structures.
In a country with economy based on agriculture, which determined the seasons and the periodic floods of the Nile, was the natural development of astronomy, geometry, geodesy. In Ancient Egypt, the science of measurement was at a high level and allowed them to empirically solve quite complex mathematical problems related to prokladnogo channels, determining the capacity of reservoirs, breakdown and leveling plans giant temple constructions.
The people’s architecture of Egypt-based forms originating from wattle and daub structures. The Egyptians have long built huts of reeds and coastal vine.
Sometimes he used the stone mined in the upper reaches and right Bank of the Nile. Continue reading
Romanesque architecture is an architectural style in Western Europe of X—XIII centuries. Severe, serf nature of architecture — monasteries, churches, castles. Characteristic half from motives of architectural decoration — images of animals, plants, Dating back to folk art.
Gothic — an architectural style that emerged in the XII century in France in the late middle ages and spread throughout Western Europe. Characterized by the subordination of the architectural forms of vertical rhythm, with Lancet arches on the ribs (the ribs), the abundance of stone carvings and sculptural decorations. In the Gothic Cathedral, the pointed arch thrust is transmitted to the outer supporting pillars (buttresses) with arches (flying buttresses).
And romance . Gothic architecture developed in the same mainly socio-historical conditions. General were, in theory, and compositional techniques. The main difference between these styles was that the Romanesque was characterized by extreme massiveness of the buildings, and the Gothic design has become more perfect, light weight in a number of frame structures in nature .
From the reign of Charlemagne began to produce the so-called Romanesque style with its characteristic semi-circular vaulted arch. Therefore, the XI—XII centuries in the history of medieval culture called the Romanesque period . linking Continue reading
One of the most beautiful places in the evening in Barcelona is the Magic fountain (cat. Font màgica de Montjuïc), which is also called fountain of Montjuic or just the Singing fountain in Barcelona. It would seem that what is special: the fountain, the music plays? Actually it is an astonishing spectacle, the protagonists of which are water, music and light. To see him, at the foot of the montjuïc hill every night going to not hundreds, but thousands of tourists from around the world. They took seats on the steps leading up to the National Palace (Palau Nacional), long before the start of the show. Those who managed to climb higher, to the Palace, together with the magnificent sight can observe a magnificent view of Barcelona nights.
The fountain is a great value in Barcelona, was built in 1929 for the world exhibition, held in the Catalan capital. Music was only introduced in 1992 for the Olympics.
How to get there. Fountain of Montjuic is located near the metro station Plaza de españa – can be reached on the branches L1 (red) or L3 (green).
2. Sagrada Familia
Sagrada Familia is a real symbol of Barcelona, without which it is impossible to imagine the Catalan capital. This talisman Continue reading