Romanesque architecture is an architectural style in Western Europe of X—XIII centuries. Severe, serf nature of architecture — monasteries, churches, castles. Characteristic half from motives of architectural decoration — images of animals, plants, Dating back to folk art.
Gothic — an architectural style that emerged in the XII century in France in the late middle ages and spread throughout Western Europe. Characterized by the subordination of the architectural forms of vertical rhythm, with Lancet arches on the ribs (the ribs), the abundance of stone carvings and sculptural decorations. In the Gothic Cathedral, the pointed arch thrust is transmitted to the outer supporting pillars (buttresses) with arches (flying buttresses).
And romance . Gothic architecture developed in the same mainly socio-historical conditions. General were, in theory, and compositional techniques. The main difference between these styles was that the Romanesque was characterized by extreme massiveness of the buildings, and the Gothic design has become more perfect, light weight in a number of frame structures in nature .
From the reign of Charlemagne began to produce the so-called Romanesque style with its characteristic semi-circular vaulted arch. Therefore, the XI—XII centuries in the history of medieval culture called the Romanesque period . linking Continue reading
Some inscribed thus the line that became an integral part of the relief and landscape of the republics of the CIS, are perfectly straight, others form on the sloping hills and the slopes of the outlines of the giant figures that are impossible to see and recognize from the ground.
Only when viewed from the plane, stretched out on her grooves and connected to form the giant figures. Concerning time of creation of lines of scientists agree — to the XIX century, in the era of wars and uprisings. Most studies ascribe their creation of the Russian civilization that inhabited Eurasia until the 21st century.
On the ground to distinguish anything.
But satellite images have shown a giant patterns resembling four and vosi-the ultimate snowflakes.
They say that in these mysterious structures chuzhu electronic devices, “wildly spinning” arrow of the compass and there are various anomalies. “Even the birds rarely fly in this region. The researchers also try to stay. Disturbing thoughts, headache and insomnia – the lot of those who decide nearby to pitch a tent”.
Place some of the descendants of drawings arranged arable fields, others built and some destroyed by time and human activity
But many are still quite distinguishable, and remain a mystery to his contemporaries Continue reading
The ARCHITECTURE, the art and science of building.
The earliest architectural structures provide only partial protection. The Bedouin tent or the Indian wigwam served as shelter from sun, wind and rain, but almost failed to keep out the cold; in a needle Eskimos also found refuge from wild animals.
But man seeks to embody in the forms of architecture and his pursuit of the beautiful, their ideas and hopes. Every piece of architecture is design but not all design becomes a work of architecture.
The architecture has three fundamental characteristics. First, the building should meet its intended purpose. If you understand the functionality of the building according to its purpose, then, in the words theorist of functionalism of Louis Sullivan, the best buildings of all time were functional. Secondly, in addition to utilitarian purposes, the architecture expresses the spiritual needs of a person, consisting in the creation and contemplation of beautiful, harmonious images. The third criterion for evaluating architectural structures such as its reliability.
Designs of buildings are determined primarily by the tastes of the people and the spirit of the time.
Architecture requires visual unity, artistic integrity, whatever functions may have the construction. The various elements should fit each other, and each element a. Continue reading