The types of structures.
In a country with economy based on agriculture, which determined the seasons and the periodic floods of the Nile, was the natural development of astronomy, geometry, geodesy. In Ancient Egypt, the science of measurement was at a high level and allowed them to empirically solve quite complex mathematical problems related to prokladnogo channels, determining the capacity of reservoirs, breakdown and leveling plans giant temple constructions.
The people’s architecture of Egypt-based forms originating from wattle and daub structures. The Egyptians have long built huts of reeds and coastal vine.
Sometimes he used the stone mined in the upper reaches and right Bank of the Nile. Continue reading
The ARCHITECTURE, the art and science of building.
The earliest architectural structures provide only partial protection. The Bedouin tent or the Indian wigwam served as shelter from sun, wind and rain, but almost failed to keep out the cold; in a needle Eskimos also found refuge from wild animals.
But man seeks to embody in the forms of architecture and his pursuit of the beautiful, their ideas and hopes. Every piece of architecture is design but not all design becomes a work of architecture.
The architecture has three fundamental characteristics. First, the building should meet its intended purpose. If you understand the functionality of the building according to its purpose, then, in the words theorist of functionalism of Louis Sullivan, the best buildings of all time were functional. Secondly, in addition to utilitarian purposes, the architecture expresses the spiritual needs of a person, consisting in the creation and contemplation of beautiful, harmonious images. The third criterion for evaluating architectural structures such as its reliability.
Designs of buildings are determined primarily by the tastes of the people and the spirit of the time.
Architecture requires visual unity, artistic integrity, whatever functions may have the construction. The various elements should fit each other, and each element a. Continue reading
The pearl of the Mediterranean opens its doors for you. Don’t miss the opportunity to see Barcelona in all its glory. You have a unique opportunity to reflect on the past, having made with us a fascinating walk through the oldest part of Barcelona – Gothic quarter .
Located in the heart of the Old town, this unique preserved in its integrity the medieval quarter will tell us about its 2000-year history of the Catalan capital. The era of the Roman colony of Barcino, preserved in the ancient ruins of the fortress walls, aqueduct and remains of the temple of Augustus, the capital of the Visigothic Kingdom, the invasion of the Moors, the Golden age of the Barcelona County consisting of the crown of Aragon in the Middle ages and its subsequent sunset in modern times, the historical transformation of the city in the twentieth century – on this and many other things will be the story for our exciting route. Our journey into the history of the city would not be complete without details such as old urban legends, stories of local saints, the daily life of the inhabitants of medieval Barcelona.
The starting point of our walk is the Central building of the Gothic quarter – Cathedral of the Holy cross and Saint Eulalia . the patron of the city. Like a precious casket, sealed Gothic façade, the Cathedral reveal its treasures: 26 luxurious in the decoration of the chapels with tombs Continue reading