Gothic houses in Poland.
The house of Nicholas of Kopernika, Torun (Toruń,. Torn).
A beautiful example of Polish residential (not religious) Gothic 15th century
Faceted (Episcopal) chamber in the Novgorod Velikiy.
The first residential secular building of stone in Novgorod.
Incredibly, the Hanseatic Gothic style had penetrated even into the center of the Orthodox Russia – in the courtyard of the Archbishop of the Novgorod Citadel.
The chamber was founded by Novgorod Archbishop Euthymios, appointed in 1429. In 1441 was painted with frescoes, as was intended for ceremonial receptions and meetings. Here met the Council of lords is the Supreme authority of the boyar Republic. In the house, took foreign ambassadors, organized the official celebrations.
After the destruction of the Republic by Ivan the Terrible in the 16th and 17th centuries the building underwent significant reconstruction. Western architectural elements (the Gothic Gables) is alien to the Orthodox people were destroyed.
Going back to the 15th century, I must say that in Novgorod until 1412 sat proteges of king władysław jagiełło and Prince Witold; for example, the king’s brother – Lagueny Olgerdovich.
It was the beginning of the 15th century was a period of cultural convergence Novgorod with Poland and GDL. “Pro-Lithuanian” party of the boyars was at that moment the most influential.
The Time Of The Cathedrals
II est venu le temps des cathedrales, le monde est entre dans un nouveau millenaire – “the time of cathedrals, the world enters a new Millennium”, – declare the heroes at the beginning of the world-famous musical “Notre Dame de Paris”, provoked a new round of interest in the creation of Hugo and to the Paris temple. “The time of the cathedrals” is not a poetic figure, invented by the author of the lyrics of the musical by Luc Plamondon and sustainable historical term that envelopes all the classic French middle Ages. A good phrase came from the pen of a French art historian Georges Duby, author of the same book. The time of the cathedrals of almost six centuries of religious, cultural, political and everyday life of France and neighbouring territories.
It starts at the very end of the tenth century, when all Europe stood in eschatological anticipation of the magic 1000 years – then and 1033, the millennial anniversary of the Lord’s suffering. The Europeans believed that for significant dates will follow the end of the world, put to rest the earthly life. The Apocalypse did not happen – but happened universal catharsis. Europe has entered the new Millennium refreshed, mystical overcame fear and began to build updated updated art and religious culture. Continue reading